[ID] => 6831
[post_author] => 34
[post_date] => 2016-09-20 11:38:04
[post_date_gmt] => 2016-09-20 10:38:04
[post_content] => January will be here soon enough and with it, as ever, comes another edition of the International Air Transport Association’s (IATA) Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR). The 58th edition of the DGR takes effect promptly on 1 January so all those subject to its provisions need to be up to speed with the changes well before then.
The new edition includes all the amendments made by the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) for the 2017-2018 edition of the Technical Instructions (TIs), which are drawn in no small part from the amendments contained in the 19th revised edition of the UN Model Regulations, together with some additional changes specific to the air mode. The latest DGR also includes some amendments adopted by the IATA Dangerous Goods Board and recent changes to operator and state variations.
IATA has published a document on its website summarising the changes, although it stresses that the list is not exhaustive. Moreover, those using the DGR will be expected to have copies of the latest edition available, even if the changes are not relevant to their operations.
SECTION 1 AND 2 CHANGES
An exception has been added in 188.8.131.52 to address dangerous goods fitted on aircraft equipped for search and rescue operations. This allows the dangerous goods concerned to remain on the aircraft for other flights such as training or positioning flights.
A new paragraph 184.108.40.206 clarifies that dangerous goods accepted under regulations in force at the time of acceptance by the initial operator can continue to their destination even if the applicable regulations have changed while the goods are still in transport.
The requirements related to the provision of information to passengers as set out in 1.4.3 have been completely revised to allow for operators to develop performance-based notification system to advise passengers that reflect the operator's own capabilities and operation.
A new 220.127.116.11 on the review and approval of dangerous goods training programmes replaces the existing 1.5.5.
A new paragraph has been added to 1.6 to set out what should be established by shippers of Section II lithium batteries to meet the conditions for “adequate instruction” of employees responsible for the preparation of such batteries for carriage by air.
The packing provisions for excepted quantities in 2.6.5 have been amended to allow absorbent material required in combination packagings to be placed either in the intermediate or outer packaging.
The 2017 text of DGR includes the usual number of amendments and additions to the list of operator variations in 2.8.
SECTION 3 CHANGES
The UN experts had been faced with a question: what does a shipper do if, through testing, it is found that a substance demonstrates hazardous properties that are not recognised in the relevant UN entry for that substance? That position was clarified to some extent in the Model Regulations, and in 18.104.22.168 of the DGR there will now be a provision that a shipper in such a position must, with the approval of the appropriate national authority, either use an nos entry or use the appropriate entry with the addition of a subsidiary hazard.
Recommendations have been added to 3.1.8 that the competent authority responsible for the classification of explosives should provide in writing the details of the classification as specified; this will be primarily for use by other competent authorities.
Following the adoption of new UN entries for polymerising substances, new provisions have been added in 3.2.6, 3.3.6, 22.214.171.124 and 3.8.4 applicable to substances of Class 2, Class 3, Division 6.1 and Class 8, respectively, that may polymerise during normal conditions of transport. Provisions for the classification of polymerising substances, analogous to those for self-reactive substances, are contained in 126.96.36.199.
The classification requirements for infected live animals in 188.8.131.52 have been revised; ICAO felt that these requirements were meant to apply solely to animals infected for the purpose of transporting a pathogen rather than animals that are simply sick.
SECTION 4 CHANGES
There are, as ever, a large number of changes in the List of Dangerous Goods.
- all entries for aerosols have been aligned so that packing instructions 203 and Y203 apply;
- special provision A209 is added for all entries that have “stabilised” in the proper shipping name;
- the new UN 3528, 3529 and 3530 entries for “vehicles” and “machines”, distinguished by the fuel that powers the engine, are added and entries for “engines” under UN 3166 are deleted, with that entry applicable only to “vehicles” of Class 9;
- the entry for UN 3480 lithium batteries has been amended to show “forbidden” in columns I/J, indicating that these batteries are restricted to Cargo Aircraft Only; this change came in on 1 April 2016 as an addendum;
- all entries for lithium batteries (UN 3090, 3091, 3480 and 3481) have been revised to identify the new model 9A label for lithium batteries of Class 9; a new special provision A206 has been assigned to reinforce the requirement;
- UN 3269, polyester resin kit, has been amended to add “liquid base material” in light type, with a new UN 3527 added for polyester resin kits with solid base material of Division 4.1;
- four new entries – UN 3531 to 3534 – have been added for polymerising substances; and
- uranium hexafluoride entries UN 2977 and 2978 now have a subsidiary risk of Division 6.1 as well as Class 8, while UN 3507 uranium hexafluoride is now assigned to Division 6.1 with subsidiary risks of Classes 7 and 8; the relevant packing instruction for UN 3507 is now PI 603.
There are also some important changes and additions in the list of special provisions in 4.4:
- A21 and A134 have been amended to reflect the changes to the entries for engines and vehicles;
- reference to polymeric beads has been removed from A38;
- reference to polyester resin kits of Division 4.1 is added to A66;
- A88, which applies to prototype or short production run lithium batteries, now refers to PI 910 in the ICAO Technical Instructions;
- A104, which permitted packages containing methanol (UN 1230) to not bear the Division 6.1 label, has been deleted; all packages containing methanol must now carry a Division 6.1 label as well as a Class 3 label;
- aviation regulated substances of UN 3334 and 3335 can now be carried under the ID 8000 consumer commodity relaxation, as per a change to A112;
- A181 has been amended to more clearly describe the requirements for packages that contain both lithium batteries contained in and packed with equipment; and
- A302 and A324 have been revised to remove the requirement for the appropriate national authority of the State of destination to also approve the carriage of fish bins with oxygen or ceremonial flames.
There are also a number of new special provisions:
- A202 sets out provisions for radiation detectors containing gases of Division 2.2;
- A204 identifies the circumstances under which polymeric beads can be considered to be non-dangerous;
- A211, assigned to UN 1067 nitrogen dioxide and UN 1660 nitric oxide, compressed, allows the shipment of such substances by air when they are contained in sterilisation devices;
- A212 is a similar provision applicable to UN 2031 nitric acid in sterilisation devices; and
- A331 is assigned to UN 3480 lithium ion batteries and identifies the possible requirements a shipper should meet to obtain approval to ship such batteries in a state of charge in excess of 30 per cent of the rated capacity.
SECTION 5 CHANGES
The provisions for dangerous goods in unit load devices (ULDs) and freight containers in 184.108.40.206 have been revised to allow ULDs with UN 3373 or ID 8000 shipments to also contain dry ice as a refrigerant.
New provisions have been added in 220.127.116.11 to allow, with the approval of the authorities of the States of origin and of the operator, for the use of UN specification large packagings for articles that weigh in excess of 400 kg.
Additions and revisions to the packing instructions reflect other changes, as listed above. Of note are the following:
- PI 200 has been revised to require that, when cylinders containing a liquefied gas charged with a compressed gas, the shipper must take both components into account when calculating the internal pressure in the cylinder; additional provisions now require the use of qualified staff when charging cylinders; PI 218 for chemicals under pressure has been similarly amended;
- the provisions in PI 204, Y204 and 212 have been consolidated into PI 203 and Y203 and those numbers deleted;
- PI 220 and 378 are new packing instructions for engines and machinery powered by flammable gases and flammable liquids, respectively;
- PI 450 and Y450 are new packing instructions for polyester resin kits with a solid base material, mirroring PI 370 and Y370 for kits with a liquid base material;
- PI 459 now includes polymerising substances of UN 3531 and 3532 with self-reactive properties;
- PI 603 is a new packing instruction for UN 3507 uranium hexafluoride; PI 877 is deleted;
- provisions for engines have been removed from PI 950 and 951;
- PI 954 has been revised to allow the use of dry ice (see 18.104.22.168 above);
- the special provisions for lithium batteries in PI 965 to 970 have been revised to remove reference to the need for an additional document to accompany consignments of Section II lithium batteries; the document has been replaced by a new lithium battery mark, which has been introduced with a two-year transitional provision to 31 December 2018; and
- a new PI 972 is added for engines and machinery powered by a fuel classified only as environmentally hazardous.
SECTION 6 AND 7 CHANGES
A revision to 6.4.2 adds references to new ISO standards, identifies the period during which the ISO standards may be applied for manufacture and give a date after which the standards may no longer be used.
There are numerous editorial amendments to change the word “marking” or “markings” to read “mark” or “marks”. These are mostly in Section 7 but are also found elsewhere.
New provisions in 22.214.171.124 and Figure 7.1.C set out the requirements for the new lithium battery mark. Until the end of 2018 either the new mark or the existing lithium battery handling label may be applied to packages containing Section IB or Section II lithium batteries. Further information on the lithium battery mark can be found in 126.96.36.199 and 7.3.18.
SECTION 8 AND 9 CHANGES
A transitional provision has been included as a note to 188.8.131.52.1 to allow shippers to continue to consign engines under UN 3166, Class 9 until 31 March 2017.
A revision in 184.108.40.206.2 clarifies how the identification number for multiple overpacks should be shown.
A revision to 220.127.116.11.4, Step 9, makes changes to the list of special provision numbers that must be shown in the “authorisations” area of the Shipper's Declaration.
Now that the additional document included on the Shipper’s Declaration for Section IB is no longer required, 18.104.22.168.7 is deleted.
Provision of the title of the person signing the Shipper’s Declaration is no longer mandatory and 22.214.171.124 and 126.96.36.199 have been amended accordingly.
Notes have been added under 9.0 to reference Annex 19 – Safety Management Systems and the ICAO Safety Management Manual. All operators are required to implement a Safety Management System (SMS) and the carriage of dangerous goods is included within the scope of the operator's SMS.
A new 188.8.131.52 requires the operator to be able to identify the person who performed the acceptance check.
Provision for acceptance of shipper-loaded ULDs in 184.108.40.206 have been amended to reflect the changes to the use of dry ice (see above).
A new 9.1.9 is added to recommend that operators conduct a safety risk assessment for the transport of dangerous goods.
The information required on the written information to the pilot-in-command (NOTOC) in 220.127.116.11.3 has been revised to clarify that for ID 8000 the gross weight of each package may be the average gross weight when this is what has been declared on the Shipper's Declaration.
The requirement in 9.6.2 for operators to report dangerous goods in passenger baggage has been revised to limit such reports to cases there the dangerous goods have been discovered by the operator itself or by another entity, such as a security screener.
According to 9.8.2, the acceptance checklist retained on file must now include identification of the person who performed the acceptance check.
The glossary in Appendix A includes some new definitions, including those for “design life” of pressure cylinders; “self-accelerating polymerisation temperature”; and “service life” for composite cylinders.
There are the usual additions to the list of organic peroxides in Appendix C and an update to the contact details for competent authorities in Appendix D. Changes have also been made to the lists of UN specification packaging suppliers and package testing facilities in Appendix E and to the lists of sales agents, accredited training schools and authorised training centres in Appendix F.
A new Appendix H has been added for this edition to provide a preview of the changes, expected to be included as from 2019, to address the implementation of competency-based dangerous goods training in Subsection 1.5. By making the draft available, IATA (and ICAO) hopes to generate comments from all sectors of the supply that will be affected, including shippers, forwarders, ground handling agents, operators and training providers.
The full text of IATA’s note on the upcoming changes to the DGR can be found here: www.iata.org/whatwedo/cargo/dgr/Documents/dgr-58-significant-changes.pdf. Hard copies of the 58th edition of DGR are now available from IATA and the usual resellers.
[post_title] => IATA: Coming attractions
[post_status] => publish
[comment_status] => open
[ping_status] => open
[post_name] => iata-coming-attractions
[post_modified] => 2016-09-20 11:38:04
[post_modified_gmt] => 2016-09-20 10:38:04
[post_parent] => 0
[guid] => https://www.hcblive.com/?p=6831
[menu_order] => 0
[post_type] => post
[comment_count] => 0
[filter] => raw